These engines follow the modern trend of ‘downsizing’, manufacturers are developing smaller capacity engines with fewer and smaller cylinders and yet develop similar or greater power outputs to larger capacity engines.
Ford Motor Company is the car manufacturer responsible for the new EcoBoost engine project. This range of new petrol engines offers more economy, more power and due to their high-efficiency, less impact on the environment.
These new EcoBoost engines have many advantages for example, lower internal friction, lower mechanical loses and due to their compact dimensions and they are lighter, reaching optimal operating temperature quicker than traditional engines.
Ford technicians have managed to achieve a 20% reduction in fuel consumption and a reduction in CO2 emissions by 15%.
Ford first introduced the EcoBoost engine in the United States of America in the F-150 pickup. The new engine was a 3.5 litre V6 which developed more than 300bhp, the improved efficiency of this engine decreased fuel consumption and emissions compared with the previous V8 engine. This engine has proved extremely popular with Ford selling 500,000 vehicles equipped with this EcoBoost engines.
|Pickup F-150 and its Ecoboost engine|
European Fords are equipped with a range of 3 & 4 cylinder Ecoboost engines, ranging from a 1 litre 100HP to a powerful 2 litre 250HP. Ford plan to extend this range of engines in 2015 to include a new four cylinder 2.3 litre engine that Ford plans to fit in the sports Mustang.
|Left: 3 cylinders 1.0 l engine; Right: 4 cylinders 2.3 l engine|
The 1 litre 3 cylinder engine is produced in Germany, Romania and China. The 1.6 litre engine is manufactured in Fords Bridgend plant in the United Kingdom and the 2 litre four-cylinder engines are produced in the Almussafes plant in Valencia, Spain.
In 2012 Ford produced 65,000 EcoBoost engines a month and success of these engines resulted in Ford increasing global production to 100,000 units a month. In 2013 EcoBoost production reached two million units.
The 1 litre version has been awarded the “International Engine of the Year” for three consecutive years for quality, performance, refinement and efficiency, etc. These engines are recognised as the most accomplished engines on the market.
In 2013 Daimler, Renault-Nissan and Ford reached an agreement from which all three manufacturers benefitted from the EcoBoost project. Daimler started to fit the EcoBoost engine in its access models, Renault took advantage of its large scale production capacity and Ford acquired important information on petrol stratified injection charge in order to comply with the strict Euro6 anti-pollution standards.
These engines are named accordingly to the vehicles that they are fitted in. The range includes 1.0 litre 3 cylinder engines, 1.6 and 2.0 litre four cylinder engines.